Etymology : The specific epithet is the combination of the words ‘fascia’ (from Latin ‘band’ or ‘stripe’), ‘auri’ (from Latin ‘golden’) and ‘nigra’ (from the Latin ‘black’), referring to the striped black and golden pattern of the abdomen.
The new genus Neoholothele is herein described based on the results of a recent phylogenetic analysis. This phylogeny, which included representatives of all Theraphosidae subfamilies, showed that the genus Holothele, as hitherto defined, does not comprise a monophyletic group. Neoholothele gen. nov. is diagnosed by the following features: males and females with dark carapace and golden cephalic region; females with striped color pattern on the abdomen dorsum and long and slender spermathecae receptacula; males with retrolateral branch of male tibial spur with apical end wider than proximal end (synapomorphy), with two apical spines. It comprises two species: N. incei (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898) comb. nov. and N. fasciaaurinigra sp. nov., both from northern South America.
Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 2015